In programming, a statement is simply a directive that tells the computer to do something. Think of it as a command or an instruction. In Scratch, any block whose label reads like a command is a statement.

One such block instructs a sprite to say something:

Another such block instructs a sprite to go to some location:

Sometimes, you only want a statement to be executed under certain conditions. Such conditions are defined in terms of Boolean expressions, to which we turn our attention next.